The main features of the human papilloma virus.
Papilloma or human papilloma virus refers to viruses that contain DHK molecule containing its genetic material. This virus can infect both epithelial skin skin and mucous membranes. The virus may not cause any symptoms. But it can manifest itself in the form of warts and lead to cancer. Detection of human papillomavirus is possible only if the stroke study, Pap, as characterized by a certain microscopic picture for him.
How is infection with papilloma virus
Most often, the virus is spread by direct contact with the authorities of the affected infection. The child can be infected by papilloma subject to the mother's disease, and in adulthood can be transmitted through sexual contact.
The main clinical manifestations of the virus
There are different clinical manifestations of HPV. It depends on which part of the body affected. In the hands of a papilloma usually appear brownish in color with a strong skin keratinization. Another type of papillomavirus, called plantar very similar to corn, but on closer viewing on its surface can be seen thrombosed capillaries. These papillomas are the most common in children on the flexor surface of the neck, elbows, behind the knees and on the face. When the infection in the urogenital tract, these tumors arise areas of the skin and mucous membrane of the genital organs, thus there is severe itching, burning, and in some cases bleeding.
How is the diagnosis of human papilloma virus
Papilloma themselves and have a good diagnostic feature, during the physical examination of the patient it allows the doctor to make a preliminary diagnosis. However, confirmation of the diagnosis can not do without laboratory tests. Pap smear cytology shows signs of disease, and by PCR (DNA diagnostics) can accurately identify the type of virus.